The expected growth in the world population from 7 to 9 billion in 2050 and the changing diets require more food to be available by 2050. The world is facing the challenge to improve food and nutrition security (FNS) globally. Africa faces the twin challenge of maintaining its food self-sufficiency and the diversity of its agriculture while its population is expected to double. Africa has a major role to play in FNS, as Africa is vulnerable today, but has a high potential to develop as a major food basket. This requires, however, a transformation of the African agro-food systems, and calls for joining forces to explore and exploit the potential of African agriculture. As no size fits all, optimal use should be made of the rich diversity of pathways that exist or can be developed. This requires a profound understanding of the agro-food systems in combination with the utilization of instruments that aptly assess the efficiency and effectiveness of different pathways.
PROIntensAfrica is intended to develop a proposal for a long-term research and innovation partnership between Europe and Africa. Focus is on the improvement of the food and nutrition security and the livelihoods of African farmers by exploring and exploiting the rich diversity of pathways leading to sustainable intensification of African agro-food systems, with support of the relevant policy environment. The partnership proposal will:
• describe the scientific and innovation domains that need further research to identify and implement effective pathways (the what),
• identify the value for both continents in addition to ongoing partnerships and activities (the why), and
• suggest financial and governance structures that can adequately support the partnership (the how).